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New article 1/25/2012 VERY IMPORTANT info from a renouned Dr. of Vet medicine.

Vaccinations and How They Disrupt the Immune System

Patricia Jordan DVM

There is historical evidence that the Chinese were the first to attempt the theory of vaccination during the Song Dynasty (960-1279).1 This procedure was called virolation and was first used with small pox crusts as snuff to blow up the nostrils of people they hoped to affect. Virolation by the Chinese predates the small pox work of Edward Jenner, Farmer Jesty and Lady Montague by five centuries.

2 The Chinese discontinued the attempts at vaccination as they discovered the process did not help and actually made conditions worse for the patient. How intelligent this deduction was back in that period of time. The Chinese from the medical perspective saw the vaccine as a pathogen and invoked the Divergent Meridians to take the pathogen and translocate it to the interior of the body. In order to do this, to make the pathogen latent, the body had to expend its resources, Yuan Qi and Yin-Jing which is dense and heavy and kept the pathogen dormant (which the body does in the joints/bones/marrow).

The problems in babies and in animals of all ages that are receiving a continuous yearly load of pathogen impact via vaccines, is that the Yuan Qi and Jing should not be disturbed at these young stages of development and thereafter so frequently in life. The additional problems of a poor diet , the use of excessive drugs like antibiotics and resultant Qi depletion is an overall lack of capability to maintain dormancy of the pathogens. When overwhelmed with vaccinations in addition, these mechanisms leave the individual vulnerable. With so many resources being allocated to deal with the vaccines, what is left of the Vital Force to handle the vicissitudes of daily living? Poor nutrition and environmental toxins and chemicals along with the synthetic use of drugs all tax and handicap the body, so that the bodies are coming into immune compromise and depletion much too quickly.

The vaccines themselves stimulate adverse reactions causing disease, disability, organ failure, cancer, autoimmune disease and sometimes death. The number of dog vaccines has grown from 4 administered only once or twice in a lifetime to 20 and often aggressively administered twice a year! The intent of this commentary is to introduce to the reader to just a few pathways of immunopathology resulting from vaccine administration. When dealing with a patient exhibiting any clinical signs, remember to obtain vaccine administration history and remember that the ancient Chinese were indeed able to link the correlation of vaccination to the disharmonies of health that followed.

In lectures I have attended by veterinary vaccine researchers such as Drs. Ron Schultz, Richard Ford, Jean Dodd and Dennis Macy, the pathways to pathology from vaccination have been clearly associated. The only vaccine that Dr. Ron Schultz is still advocating is the 3 way vaccine for the three lethal viruses, distemper, adenovirus and parvovirus (and the rabies until we get the laws changed).3 For the cat, the only lethal virus he advocates vaccination for is the feline distemper. Dr. Schultz lays out the pathology that follows cats vaccinated with herpes virus or calicivirus vaccines if administered by injection. He also advises that these vaccines against the lethal viruses are only necessary once in a lifetime to a mature mammalian immune system in order to result in genetic imprinting, incorporation of the viral proteins into the genome to affect pathogen sensitization of the patient’s immune cells. Additional administration just increases the adverse events and vaccine induced disease. Lymphoma is now understood to result from chronic B cell stimulation, chronic stimulation by antigen, vaccines result in antigenic stimulation, adjuvant ensures the chronic stimulation.4

The rabies virus vaccine is full of its own problems with autoimmune disease production and adverse events such as ascending paralysis and encephalitis which have occurred since Pasteur first started grinding up infected spinal cords and injecting them into subjects.5 There is evidence from as far back as 1954, published, and 1945, unpublished, that only one rabies vaccine injected into the mature body of a mammalian immune system is capable of sensitizing the patient for life against the rabies virus.6 Other work followed in the 1970’s. Research to confirm this is currently being performed by Dr. Schultz and his group as the vaccine manufacturers are not releasing their data that establishes this fact.7 There was a study done in France on cats and dogs vaccinated against rabies that showed that animals were still resisting a rabies viral challenge 5 years after vaccination.8 As well there are human cases where the rabies vaccine amnestic response has been effective for 14 years.9

Humans have pathogen recognition of small pox for 92 years after vaccination. Once thought to be 50 years in duration and even less when they first started the procedure of vaccine administration, it is now well understood that most viral vaccines give pathogen recognition for the entire life of the patient.10 My clinical experience is that this amnestic can also be passed vertically from one generation to the next, why not, it is genetic incorporation we are talking about. Dr. Ron Schultz and Dr. Jean Dodd are on record that only one or two rabies vaccines will be sufficient for the life of the animal and are both working with the Rabies Challenge Fund to establish the scientific criteria necessary to change the laws regarding rabies vaccination in this country.

In 1972 the American Veterinary Medical Association first recommended vaccinating yearly, despite the decades of successful use of vaccines administered only in the first year of life. Representatives from the drug manufacturers and several regulatory representatives were the ones whom advised the AVMA to institute a change to yearly vaccine recommendations, not active small animal practitioners and not immunologists.11 The AVMA enacted this radical change despite the clear acknowledgement that yearly vaccines were not necessary and that the current practice of only administering pediatric vaccines had been enough to successfully control infectious disease. What has resulted from this unscientific and non evidence based procedure of vaccination administration? Dr. Ron Schultz now sees autoimmune diseases in animals that previously did not exhibit this. Our farmed fishes that we now vaccinate due to the stress and disease that follow intensive farming practices are now being diagnosed with autoimmune diseases.12 The AVMA appointed Feline Vaccine Associated Sarcoma Task Force has a decade of research showing the vaccine induced cancers and not just in the feline species, not just at the injection site and not just sarcomas. The unparalleled rise of chronic degenerative diseases, cancer, allergies, asthma, autoimmune diseases, disability and deaths is illustrated in the following graphs using the increased rate of vaccination on humans 13

Following is an incomplete list of adverse events and diseases that follow vaccination. After 25 years of being in the veterinary field, this list presented in 2007 at Warwick, Rhode Island is the first time in my veterinary career that any veterinary medical researcher has presented this information to veterinary professionals. (Schultz) Common Reactions included; lethargy, hair loss, hair color change at injection site (cutaneous vasculitis), fever, soreness, stiffness, refusal to eat, conjunctivitis, sneezing, and oral ulcers. Moderate reactions included; immunosuppression, behavioral changes, vitiligo, weight loss (cachexia), reduced milk production, lameness, granulomas/abscesses, hives, facial edema, atopy, respiratory disease and allergic uveitis (blue eye). Severe reactions triggered by vaccines included; vaccine injection site sarcomas, anaphylaxis, arthritis, polyarthritis, hypertrophy osteodystrophy, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune mediated thrombocytopenia, hemolytic disease of the newborn (neonatal isoerythrolysis), thyroiditis and glomerulonephritis. Disease or enhanced disease which with the vaccine was designed to prevent included; myocarditis, post vaccinal encephalitis or polyneuritis, seizures, abortion, congenital anomalies, embryonic/fetal death and infertility. Dr. Ron Schultz is one record with the statement that anytime you inject you could potentially kill the patient and to assume vaccination is safe is a serious misrepresentation of the facts.14 The AVMA is now on record with this caution not to assume the safety of vaccinations.

From these post vaccinal reactions, it can be understood that vaccination is not an “innocuous” procedure and that the risk versus the benefit of vaccination must be reviewed. For more information on vaccine induced disease, review the United State’s Federal Registry of adverse vaccine events in humans and the reported adverse events that follow vaccination reported through VAERS. The factual link of vaccination to damage is the reason the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Compensation Act was made into law. Adverse events from vaccinations are grossly unreported in both human and veterinary medicine and the lack of a central independent site for registering vaccine adverse events leaves the veterinary medical professional at a serious advantage and unable to collect even an informed consent or full disclosure statement prior to the procedure. 15

The AVMA is on record with the statement that the canine immune system is not different from the mammalian immune system and thus the reporting of vaccine induced diseases in human medicine and research is relevant to what we see in practice. Oncology Diplomate Dr. Dennis Macy is a supporter of the Veterinary Vaccine Injury Compensation Act that would address vaccine injury from veterinary vaccines even though the only lawfully mandated vaccine for animals is the rabies vaccine. Since the suggestion that a single vaccination against only the lethal viruses was necessary by leading veterinary infectious disease experts, the author has studied what science did know about vaccine induced immunopathology and found the reasons to support a position of not causing disease in my patients through the additional vaccinations protocols still much too prevalent today.

The following is a brief overview of some of the pathophysiology produced by vaccination reported in the scientific literature: the different ingredients in the vaccines, aluminum and mercury are linked to immune dysregulation as are the viruses, the mutators and carcinogens in the vaccines. The big moment of epiphany for the author was the reaction that the antigen in vaccines does much to dysregulate the immune system by the very interaction with immune cells leading to autoantibody production, autoimmune disease, loss of tolerance, immune mediated pathology, all four forms (type I-IV) of immune system reactions, oxidative damage, chronic inflammation, cancer, to even speeding up the aging process (Selye’s Disease)

1. Lymphocyte suppression from canine polyvalent vaccines in dogs and in chickens with the avian pneumovirus vaccine. 16

2. Post vaccinal lesions of the nervous system and the role of the autoimmune process of pathogenesis. 17

3. Immune mediated glomerulonephritis, amyloidosis, uveitis, polyarthritis, non-regenerative anemia, renal organ failure and hepatic organ failure, auto-inflammatory syndrome, immune mediated inflammatory neuropathies, autoimmune encephalomyelitis, Gullian Barre Syndrome (post infectious auto-immune disease) Common Immune Deficiency, ischemic dermatopathologies (cutaneous vasculitis), post injection site granuloma, necrotizing panniculitis, vaccine induced type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, pericarditis, myocarditis, dilated cardiomyelopathy, acute coronary events, vaccine induced enhancement of viral infection, aberrant viral pathogenesis, IgE class switching and behavioral changes of increased anxiety, increased aggression and increased compulsive obsessive disorder.18

4. Molecular mimicry (example of how measles in MWR vaccine is able to cause SSPE subacute sclerosing panencephalitis which is autism), distemper and molecular mimicry leading to myelin sheath autoimmune inflammation, neuropathy, cognitive dysfunction, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathies, and thimerasol in vaccines altering the function of the dendritic cells in antigen presentation 19

5. Particularities of the vasculature which promotes organ specificity of autoimmune disease. 20

6. Histamine dysregulation up or down as a result of vaccinations. 21

7. Inflammatory arthritis and intractable chronic arthritis. 22

8. Immune mediated thyroiditis 23

9. Thymic depletion 24

10. Autoimmunity, loss of tolerance 25

11. Vascular induction of mini-strokes, blood stasis 26

12. T cell suppression allowing co-infections with bacteria, viruses, fungus, yeast and parasites (intestinal and dermatophyte)27

13. Immunodeficiency (this imparts the necessity to NOT vaccinate in any situation the cats that are Felv or FIV positive and the necessity of knowing the immune status before any stressful immunosuppressive actions taken against them (e.g. anesthesia, spay, neuter). Vaccinating immunosupressed individuals increases adverse events and expression of the very infections they are being vaccinated against. This holds true for the patients undergoing chemotherapy and other immune suppressing medications e.g. cyclosporine (Atopica) prescribed for over reactive immune systems up regulated from damage associated with earlier vaccine administration.28

14. Cytokine cascade promotion and onset of inflammatory cascade 29

The above list is not comprehensive as that would be beyond the scope of this commentary due to space limitations, it is however the outline of a second book on vaccine damage by this author. There is voluminous evidence for the association of cancer with vaccines and the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the World Health Organization have clearly established the information that adjuvant in vaccines are Grade 3 out of 4 carcinogens, with Grade 4 being the most likely to induce cancer.30 Dr. Rich Ford has stated that the adjuvant aluminum in the vaccines is one culprit in mutating our genome and specifically the P53 oncogene thereby ruining the individual’s ability to stop tumor genesis.31 The smoking gun proof of this is the presence of the blue grey aluminum foreign body retrieved from biopsy specimens of vaccinated individuals. The vaccines are causing cancer formation not just in cats but also dogs and ferrets and not just at the injection site of a vaccine. The fact that these very same vaccine ingredients are the same carcinogens in the childhood vaccines mandated by our government in the national childhood vaccine program is of serious concern. The rise in childhood brain cancer is the most highly associated vaccine administered cancer in children and this is of certain consequence to the current vaccines and vaccination protocols32

It is understood now, that vaccination is not the same as immunization, that production of antibody is not the same as immunity and to the vaccinologists out there Dr. Ron Schultz states “this is an indefensible practice”.33 Since 1978 veterinary vaccine research authorities have been advising against yearly vaccinations.34 Vaccination has never been linked to any science or evidence based medicine but only to precedence and since 1978 to the generation of income.35 The problem with the veterinarians over-vaccinating is now causing public health problems. Emory University’s Rollins’ School of Public Health has a published a paper on how human illness is associated with use of veterinary vaccines.36 Others, like Dr. Traavik, Biosafety Officer for the country of Norway, are alerting us to the dangers of the recombinant vaccine technology, the use of chimera viruses that are transferring disease to man.37 Dr. Michael Fox has been concerned about the impact of the unregulated and uncontrolled use of these genetically engineered viruses in vaccines and the future this plaque is bringing upon mankind.38

My research into the number of rabies vaccines recently recalled and the hundreds of thousands of human rabies vaccines recalled in the past for “failure to inactivate the rabies virus” are very disconcerting as is the recall of rabies vaccines due to unauthorized inclusion of human DNA in the vaccines. Vaccines do not enjoy any science of benefit and were never shown historically to even affect the level of infectious diseases. John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health includes this information on their website. How far do we have to continue to keep ourselves immunized against the fact that the very act of vaccination is what is causing disease in this westernized world?

Vaccination is an obstacle to cure; vaccination is the induction into a cycle of disease and disease management that is in every way a violation of the AVMA 1969 Veterinary Oath, in every way including public health and animal welfare.

The use of TCVM will not be able to successfully restore health to our patients if vaccinations are allowed to continue to corrupt the patient’s immune system. Blood stasis, Qi depletion, Liver Yin Deficiency and Blood Deficiency will always be the root of disease while vaccinations remain the non-evidence based medical procedure that is the hallmark of conventional medicine. The body’s Qi will try to imprison these toxins and poisons in the joints bone and marrow, but the body with continual bombardment will be quickly depleted. Our patients deserve to have us conform to our duties spoken in the Veterinary Oath and our obligation to stay current with the advancements of scientific research. In my opinion, vaccination is not science based, nor evidence based medicine, but rather the risky business fulfilled by corporations able to control the licensing and the distribution, administration and promotion even the mandate by law of this poisoning of the blood. The Chinese were correct in the age of the Song Dynasty, the Dynasty associated with both Emperor’s Song and the people’s technological advancements. The ancient Chinese were able to abandon a practice that proved ineffective and proved an impediment to restoring health. This is an example where old medicine is new again and once again a gift to the world from the people of China.


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3. Schultz R. Everything you need to know about vaccines. Seminar Danbury, CT, June 15, 2007 Sponsored by Cavaliers of the Northeast.

4. Zangani MM et al. Lymphomas can develop from B cells chronically helped by idiotype specific T cells. Journal of Experimental Medicine 2007; 204 (5): 1181-1191.

5. Morden M. MD, Rabies Past Present in Scientific Review. Mokelumne, California: Health Research Publisher 1947: also Rabies Radio address WWRL, Jan 25, 1947

Ahasar HA, et al. Neuroparalytic complications after anti-rabies vaccine (inactivated nervous tissue vaccine). Trop Doct 1995 Apr; 25 (2):94.

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McBean E, The Poisoned Needle: Suppressed Facts About Vaccination. ISBN-0-7873-059404

1957 reprinted April 1, 2009. ISBN-101442131292

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Schultz R, Everything you wanted to know about vaccinations. Seminar Danbury, CT June 15th, 2007 Sponsored by the Cavaliers of the Northeast

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1992; 11 (3): 735-760.In French

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13.’t-save-us has slideshow of graphs from public health sources. April 16, 2008

Schultz R., Tizzard I., Salk J., Siegel G., Swango L., Rude T., Safety, Efficacy the heart of vaccine use , experts discuss pros, cons in vaccine roundtable discussion. DVM Magazine 1988; 119: 16.

14. Schultz R. What Every Veterinarian needs to know About Canine and Feline Vaccines and Vaccination Programs with an Emphasis on Recombinant Vaccines, Warwick, RI April 16, 2008 sponsored by Merial

15. Kessler D., A new approach to reporting medication and device adverse events and product problems. JAMA 1993 June 2; 269 (21): 2785. Also available online

World Small Animal Veterinary Association 2007 Vaccination guidelines

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Havarinasab S., et al., Immunosuppressive and autoimmune effects of thimerasol in mice. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2005; Apr 15; 204 (2): 109-21

17. Negina IuP, Comparative study of auto-antibody formation following immunization with different types of vaccines. ZH Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol 1980 May; (5): 69-72. Romanov, UA et al, Role of auto-immune processes in the pathogenesis of post vaccinal lesions of the nervous system. ZH Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol 1977 Oct; 10: 80-93.

Cestnir A et al, The experts peaks; how does a viral infection trigger an autoimmune disease? Viral Immunology 1995; 8 (4):187-192.

Yamamoto K, Possible mechanisms of autoantibody production and the connection of viral infections and human autoimmune diseases. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1994; 173:75-82.

18. Classen BJ, Vaccine induced inflammation linked to endemic Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. The Open Endocrinology Journal 2008; 2:915.

Lappin M et al, Investigation of the induction of antibodies against Crandell-Rees feline kidney cells lysates and feline renal cells lysates after parental administration of vaccines against feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukepenia in cats. AJVMR 2005; 66 (3): 506-11.

Vitale, Gross, Majro, Vaccine induced ischemic dermatopathy in the dog. Veterinary Dermatopathy 1999; 10 (2): 131-142.

Affolter VK, Cutaneous vasculitis and vasculopathology 2004 World Small Animal Veterinary Association Congress.

Lator N et al., Neuropathy and cognitive impairment following vaccination with Osp A protein of Borrelia burgdorferi. Peripheral Nerve Society, Inc 2004

Clinician’s Brief: Lyme Nephritis yet no organisms in the kidney 2008 September.

Hutton TA et al, Search for Borrelia burgdorferi in kidneys of dogs suspected of Lyme nephritis. J Vet Intern Med 2008; 22:860-864.

Mckisic M et al, Cutting edge; T cell mediated pathology in Murine Lyme Borreliosis. The J of Immunol 2000; 164: 6096-6099.

American Heart Association Meeting 2003 Studies describing heart disease following small pox vaccination. Nov 10 Orlando, Fl Kuenzle S et al., Pathogens specifically and autoimmunity are distinct features of antigen-driven immune responses in Neuroborreliosis. Infection and Immunity 2007 Aug; 75(8):3842-3847. Frick OL, Brooks DL. Immunoglobulin E antibodies to pollens augmented in dogs by virus vaccines. Am J Vet Res 1981; 44: 440-445.

HogenEsch H, et al., Effect of vaccination on serum concentrations of total and antigen specific immunoglobulin E in dogs. Am J Vet Res 2002; 63: 611-616.

Tater KC et al., Effects of routine prophylactic vaccination or administration of aluminum adjuvant alone or allergen specific serum IgE and IgG responses in allergic dogs. Am J Vet Res 2005; 66 (9):15772-7.

19. Faseb J. Molecular mimicry and immune-mediated diseases. The Scripps Research Institute, 1998 Oct; 12 (13):1255-65.

Owens GP et al., Screening random peptide libraries with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis brain derived recombinant antibody identifies multiple epitopes the C-terminal region of the measles virus nucleocapsid protein. Journal of Virology Dec 2006; 80(24): 12121-12130.

20. Binstadt BA, et al. Particularities of the vasculature can promote the organ specificity of autoimmune attack. Nature Immunology 2006 Mar; 7(3): 284-292.

21. Falus A and Meretey K, Histamine: an early messenger in inflamatory and immune reactions. El Sevier Ltd. 1992 Dept of Molecular Biology and Immunology Natural Institute of Rheumatology and Physiotherapy Budapest, Hungary.

Jutel M, Blaser k, Akdes C, The role of histamine in regulation of immune response Crameri (Ed): Allergy and Asthma in Modern Society: A Scientific Approach Chem. Immunol Allergy Basel, Karger: 91:174-187.

Bordatella pertussis whooping cough Bordatella vaccines and histamine effects

22. Otto A, Extended from remarks given by Karen Vanderhoof-Forschner to the FDA Vaccine Advisory Committee Meeting 11/28/01; Lyme vaccine linked to auto-immune arthritis. Pharmacy Today 2001 January

23. Dodd Jean, Adverse Vaccine Reactions, Hemopet/Hemolife 938 Stanford St. Santa Monica, CA 90403 online:

24. Brennar J, Orgard U et al., Thymic Depletion Syndrome associated with a combined attenuated distemper parvovirus vaccine in dogs. Israel Journal of Vet Med 1988; 44(2): 151.

Cain MJ, Philosophy of Love Your Pets Immune Related Problems. Dr. Marvin J Cain, 7474 Green Farms Dr. Cincinnati, OH 45224-1210.

25. MacKay IR and Mitchison, Review Article Advances in Immunology, Tolerance and Autoimmunity, 2001 Mar 1; 344, (9):655-644.

Chen RT, Pless R, DeStefano F, Epidemiology of autoimmune disease reaction induced by vaccination. J Autoimmunity 2001; 16:309-318.

HogenEsch H, Axona-Oliver J, Scott-Moncreiff C, Synder, and Glickman LT. Vaccine induced auto-immunity in the dog. Adv Vet Med, 1996; vol 41:733-747.

Balomenos D and Mertinez CA, Cell cycle regulation in immunity tolerance and autoimmunity. Immunology Today 2000 Nov; 21 (11):551.

26. Reik L Jr., Disseminated vasculomyelinopathy: an immune complex disease. Ann Neurology 1980; 7: 291-295.

27. Auwaerter PG et al., Changes with T cell receptor V beta subsets in infants following measles vaccination. Clin Immunol Pathol 1996 May; 79 (2):163-70.

Beckenhauer WH et al., Immunosuppression with combined vaccines. JAVMA Aug 15 1983; (4):389-390.

Blumberg DA, Leukocyte response to diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and diphtheria-tetanus immunization. Pediatric Infect Dis J 1991 Mar; 10 (3): 247-248.

Daniliuk OS et al., Immunodepressive action Vaccinia virus. Buell Eksp Bio Med Jul 1982; 94 (7): 73-74.

Ehrland W. Susceptibility to infection after vaccination, Br. Med J. Mar 11, 1972; 1:683.

Eibl MM et al., Abnormal T-lymphocyte subpopulations in healthy subjects after tetanus booster immunization. NEJM 1984 Jan 19; 310 (3):198-9.

28. Erasmus MC, Vaccine induced enhancement of viral infection. Institute of Virology 2009 Jan 22; 27 (4): 505-12.

29. Schultz RD, What everyone needs to know about canine vaccines and vaccination programs 2007 National Parent Club Canine Health Conference

30. Memoranda WHO 1972 Vol 47 No. 1 Virus associated immunopathology animal models and implications for human disease 1. Effects of viruses on the immune system, immune-complex disease and antibody mediated immunologic injury. Memoranda WHO 1972 Vol 47 No. 2 Virus associated immunopathology; animal models and implications for human disease 2. Cell mediated immunity autoimmune disease genetics and implications for clinical research. Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute on vaccine design: the role of cytokine networks, held June 24-July5, 1996 in Cape Sounion, Greece: New York, NY: Plenum Press 1997.

Anshu Agrawal, Poonam K et al., Thimerasol induces TH2 responses via influencing cytokine secretion by human dendritic cells. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 2007 February; 81:474-482.

31. IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer; Summaries and Evaluations Surgical Implants and Other Foreign Bodies 1999 Feb 23; 74:24305-310.

32. Kass PH, et al., Epidemiologic evidence for a causal relation between vaccination and fibrosarcoma tumorigenesis in cats. JAVMA, 1993; 203:396-405.

Munday JS et al., Histology and Immunohistochemistry of seven ferret vaccination site fibrosarcomas. Vet Pathology 2003; 40:288-293.

Vascellari M, Melchiotti E et al., Fibrosarcomas at presumed sites of injection in dogs, characteristics and comparison with non vaccination site fibrosarcomas and feline post vaccinal fibrosarcomas. J Vet Med A Physiol Pathol Clin Med 2003 Aug; 50 (6): 286-91.

Morrison WB, Starr RM et al., Vaccine associated feline sarcoma. JAVMA 2001; 218:697-702. Smith C, Are we vaccinating too much? JAVMA 1995; 207 (4):421-425.

Researchers probe vaccine associated feline sarcomas. JAVMA June 1, 2005

Couto CG, Macy DW. Review of treatment options for vaccine-associated feline sarcoma. JAVMA1998; 213:1426-1427.

Macy D, Vaccine-associated feline sarcomas. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 1999 Mar; 1 (1):15-21.

Macy D, Is it time for a Veterinary Vaccine Injury Compensation Act?

Ford R, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM Vaccines and vaccination building the protocol-implementing the guidelines June 25,2007 Framingham, MA Sponsored by Merial.

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Terje Traavik, genetically engineered pox viruses in cell cultures recombined with natural viruses to create new viruses with unpredictable and potentially dangerous characteristics. Contact [email protected]

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The first fact:

Annual vaccination is fraud.

Strong stuff, eh? There is absolutely no scientific basis for annual vaccination. It was just a practice that was started many years ago, probably because the shots weren't working and someone had the bright idea to keep repeating it in case it helped. In fact, we have discovered that, far from helping, annual vaccination is destroying our animals' immune systems. This is widely known in scientific circles - but vets are reluctant to look at the evidence too closely due to potential lost booster income. I am sorry to say this but long years of campaigning allow me to develop no other conclusion. The vets who have read my book take it very seriously. However, most refuse to read it.

"Once immunity to a virus exists, it persists for years or life." - Dr Ronald D Schultz, head of pathobiology at Wisconsin University. My own six-year-old Golden Retriever - Gwinnie - gives a good example of this. Gwinnie was vaccinated ONLY as a puppy. We got her when she was five months old, already vaccinated. She was never vaccinated again. Last year, at the age of six, Gwinnie had a blood test and this revealed that she still has high antibody levels to distemper and parvo. The advice from Professor Hal Thomson at Glasgow University was "no need to revaccinate". After SIX years.

DR Jean Dodds in America has just completed a study that shows much the same thing. You don't NEED to keep vaccinating your dogs. There is one exception, and this is the leptospirosis component of the vaccine. Lepto is a bacterin, not a virus, and you can't get permanent immunity to a bacterin. However, the vaccine has been described as 'useless' and there have been many calls for it to be withdrawn from the market. There are hundreds of strains of leptospirosis, but only two in the vaccine, AND it provides immunity (if at all) for only between three and six months. This means that your dog is probably unprotected against the two strains for around nine months of the year, and against all the other hundreds of strains for ever. Australian research shows that the lepto component of vaccines can cause horrendous side-effects, so top veterinary immunologists, microbiologists and pathobiologists have advised we don't use it.

Fact two:

Vaccines can cause a whole range of diseases.

Skin problems:

Frick and Brooks, in 1983, showed that dogs who were genetically susceptible to develop atopic dermatitis ONLY contracted the condition IF they were vaccinated before being exposed to an allergen. So - vaccines trigger skin disease.


There are many, many studies which show that vaccines can cause arthritis. Vaccine components have even been found in the bones of arthritis sufferers.


Vaccine components have been found at the cancer sites of victims. Worse, they have been found at the cancer sites of the CHILDREN of the people who received the guilty vaccine. In other words, vaccines can cause inheritable cancer.


DR Jean Dodds has linked leukemia to vaccines. Also, Merck, a vaccine manufacturer, has linked leukemia to a leukemia-like retrovirus found in birds. Merck were investigating the link between this retrovirus and the eggs they cultivated the measles vaccine on. Distemper and measles are virtually the same virus, and both vaccines are cultivated on chick embryos.


Vaccines are acknowledged to cause inflammation of the brain and, in severe cases, lesions in the brain and throughout the central nervous system. This condition, known as encephalitis, lies at the root of much aggressive and violent behaviour, autism, epilepsy, attention deficit disorder, and other neurological conditions (for example, CDRM, Ataxia, etc).

Autoimmune Disease:

It is widely acknowledged that vaccines can cause a whole range of autoimmune diseases, such as Cushings disease, Addisons disease, thyroid disease, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia, and many others. The scientific evidence is there for anyone who wants to look at it. DR Larry Glickman at Purdue University has found that routinely vaccinated dogs develop autoantibodies to a wide range of their own biochemicals. This means that vaccines cause dogs to attack their own bodies - which is what autoimmune disease is all about.

Fact three:

Some animals are genetically pre-disposed to suffer fatal reactions to vaccines, or to develop vaccine-induced disease.

The Merck Manual (the doctor's bible, published by a vaccine manufacturer) says that children with B and/or T cell immunodeficiencies should not receive live virus vaccines as the vaccine can stimulate a severe or FATAL infection. Not to put too fine a point on it, 'fatal' means death. Merck explains that features of B and T cell immunodeficiencies include eczema, dermatitis, heart disease, inhalant allergies, food allergies and neurological conditions. They say that humans suffering with any of these conditions, or from families with these conditions, should not receive live virus vaccines because the vaccine can kill them. Our dogs also have B and T cells, and B and T cell immunodeficiencies. So if your dog has allergies, or heart problems, or neurological problems . . . vaccines represent a life threatening risk.

Fact four:

Vaccines cause more diseases than they prevent.

This is the one the scientists are currently arguing about. You can probably guess which way I've fallen on the debate. In my humble opinion, vaccination is probably the worst thing we can do for someone we love. Obviously, this is a scary statement.

Let me tell you a little about why I'm here saying this to you. Oliver, a beautiful Golden Retriever, lost the use of his back legs one day when he was four years old. We rushed him to the vet but he was dead by four that afternoon. For two years, I asked every vet I met 'why?' No one could tell me until I met a homoeopathic vet called Chris Day, and he asked me when Ollie had last been vaccinated. He told me it was a classic vaccine reaction, falling within three months of the shot. Since then I have met many people whose dogs died in exactly the same way. Prudence, another Golden Retriever, died of leukemia when she was six. The last time I vaccinated her, her eyes rolled in her sockets, and she climbed up on my back, begging me not to have it done. But we carried on because I thought it was good for her. Distemper and parvo are horrible diseases, of course - but so is leukemia. You don't want to see a dog die this way. Samson's back legs were paralysed the day after his second puppy shot. I thought maybe someone had put poison down because I didn't know vaccines could do this. The next year he was boosted, and his head swelled up like a football and he ran around screaming - I now know that this was a massive allergic reaction to the vaccine. At the age of two we had a blood test done, and it came back autoimmune disease. He died of cancer at the age of five. Having studied the scientific evidence, I know that Sammie was killed the day a vaccine destroyed his immune system.

Edward and Daniel are three-year-old Golden Retrievers. Neither has ever been vaccinated. Not once. They are the healthiest two Goldens I have ever had the privilege to share my life with. No sickness, no diarrhea, no allergies, no illness. The vet doesn't know who they are - they have only ever visited to have their blood tested (both have antibodies to distemper and parvo . . . which means they've met the diseases but not succumbed). They also went to the vets a few weeks ago to have ticks removed. The vet remarked on how fit and healthy they were. But that's it - their entire veterinary history at the age of three.

Compare this with Samson's veterinary history! I was literally at the vet every two weeks with Sammie. Edward and Daniel are fed real food - raw meaty bones, vegetables, etc. This means that they have optimal immune systems, so they are in a good position to fight any viruses or bacterins that come along. They also receive the homeopathic vaccine alternative. When they were nine months old, my older vaccinated dogs contracted kennel cough. My two homoeopathically protected pups didn't cough once. reported meeting two 17 year old Golden Retrievers on the beach. Both ran and jumped around like young ones. The owner told her that they had never been vaccinated and, as he was a butcher, he had fed them raw meat. Seven years into the campaign, we are beginning to see the results of not vaccinating and feeding real food. Canine Health & Training Concern members are now constantly reporting that their dogs are incredibly healthy, and those who show are winning at all the shows.

Don't blame the 'irresponsible breeders' - blame vaccines. Without vaccines, you too can hope for long-lived friends who get through their lives without the crippling debilitating diseases that have become common in the dog population.

One last fact:

Vaccines don't offer GUARANTEED immunity.

Nearly all of the dogs in the CHC vaccine survey - which involved over 4,000 dogs and is still ongoing - contracted distemper, parvo, lepto, hepatitis, etc, within three months of being vaccinated.

My motivation is that you don't have to sit and watch your beloved friends die years before their time, or suffer from any of the many vaccine-induced diseases. We are making a terrible mistake on behalf of our animal friends. What we think is best for them is in fact the worst thing we can do. I am not alone in saying this - the very top veterinary specialists agree. We just need to get the other vets up to date. I promise you this - annual vaccination is coming to an end. We will look back in horror at what we used to do.

Catherine O'Driscoll

Web Design & Graphics © Sonja Benjamin


an interesting article

This article is taken from a PDF

vaxscience in dogs.pdf and can be dowloaded at:

http://www.vaclib. org/pdf/vaxscien ce-in-dogs. pdf

Science of Vaccine Damage

by Catherine O’Driscoll

A team at Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine conducted several studies (1,2) to determine if vaccines can cause changes in the immune system of dogs that might lead to life-threat- ening immune-mediated diseases. They obviously,conducted this research because concern already,existed. It was sponsored by the Haywood Foundation which itself was looking for evidence that suchchanges in the human immune system might also be vaccine induced. It found the evidence.

The vaccinated, but not the non-vaccinated, dogs in the Purdue studies developed autoantibodies to many of their own biochemicals, including fibronectin, laminin, DNA, albumin, cytochrome C, cardiolipin and collagen.

This means that the vaccinated dogs -- ”but not the non-vaccinated dogs”-- were attacking their own fibronectin, which is involved in tissue repair, cell multiplication and growth, and differentiation between tissues and organs in a living organism.

The vaccinated Purdue dogs also developed autoantibodies

to laminin, which is involved in many cellular activities including the adhesion, spreading, differentiation,

proliferation and movement of cells. Vaccines thus appear to be capable of removing the natural intelligence of cells.

Autoantibodies to cardiolipin are frequently found in patients with the serious disease systemic lupus erythematosus and also in individuals with other autoimmune diseases. The presence of elevated anti-cardiolipin antibodies is significantly associated with clots within the heart or blood vessels, in poor blood clotting, haemorrhage, bleeding into the skin, foetal loss and neurological conditions.

The Purdue studies also found that vaccinated dogs were developing autoantibodies to their own collagen. About one quarter of all the protein in the body is collagen. Collagen provides structure to our bodies, protecting and supporting the softer tissues and connecting them with the skeleton. It is no wonder that Canine Health Concern’s 1997 study of

4,000 dogs showed a high number of dogs developing mobility problems shortly after they were vaccinated

(noted in my 1997 book, What Vets Don’t Tell You About Vaccines).

Perhaps most worryingly, the Purdue studies found that the vaccinated dogs had developed autoantibodies to their own DNA. Did the alarm bells sound? Did the scientific community call a halt to the vaccination program? No. Instead, they stuck their fingers in the air, saying more research is needed to ascertain whether vaccines can cause genetic damage. Meanwhile, the study dogs were found good homes, but no long-term follow-up has been conducted. At around the same time, the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Vaccine-Associated Feline Sarcoma Task Force initiated several studies to find out why 160,000 cats each year in the USA develop terminal cancer at their vaccine injection sites.(3) The fact that cats can get vaccine-induced cancer has been acknowledged by veterinary bodies around the world, and even the British Government acknowledged it through its Working Group charged with the task of looking into canine and feline vaccines(4) following pressure from Canine Health Concern. What do you imagine was the advice of the AVMA Task Force, veterinary bodies and governments? “Carry on vaccinating until we find out why vaccines are killing cats, and which cats are most likely to die.”

In America, in an attempt to mitigate the problem,

they’re vaccinating cats in the tail or leg so they can amputate when cancer appears. Great advice if it’s not your cat amongst the hundreds of thousands on the “oops” list.

But other species are okay - right? Wrong. In August 2003, the Journal of Veterinary Medicine carried an Italian study which showed that dogs also develop vaccine-induced cancers at their injection sites.(5) We already know that vaccine-site cancer is a possible sequel to human vaccines, too, since the Salk polio vaccine was said to carry a monkey retrovirus (from cultivating the vaccine on monkey organs) that produces inheritable cancer. The monkey retrovirus SV40 keeps turning up in human cancer sites.

It is also widely acknowledged that vaccines can cause a fast-acting, usually fatal, disease called autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA). Without treatment, and frequently with treatment, individuals

can die in agony within a matter of days. Merck, itself a multinational vaccine manufacturer, states in The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy that autoimmune haemolytic anaemia may be caused by modified live-virus vaccines, as do Tizard’s Veterinary Immunology (4th edition) and the Journal of Veterinary

Internal Medicine. (6) The British Government’s Working Group, despite being staffed by vaccine-industry consultants who say they are independent, also acknowledged this fact. However, no one warns the pet owners before their animals are subjected to an unnecessary booster, and very few owners are told why after their pets die of AIHA.

A Wide Range of Vaccine-induced Diseases

We also found some worrying correlations between vaccine events and the onset of arthritis in our 1997 survey. Our concerns were compounded by research in the human field.

The New England Journal of Medicine, for example, reported that it is possible to isolate the rubella virus from affected joints in children vaccinated against rubella. It also told of the isolation of viruses from the peripheral blood of women with prolonged arthritis following vaccination. (7)

Then, in 2000, CHC’s findings were confirmed by research which showed that polyarthritis and other diseases like amyloidosis, which affects organs in dogs, were linked to the combined vaccine given to dogs.(8) There is a huge body of research, despite the paucity of funding from the vaccine industry, to confirm that vaccines can cause a wide range of brain and central nervous system damage. Merck itself states in its Manual that vaccines (i.e., its own products) can cause encephalitis: brain inflammation/ damage. In some cases, encephalitis involves lesions in the brain and throughout the central nervous system. Merck states that “examples are the encephalitides following measles, chickenpox, rubella, smallpox vaccination, vaccinia, and many other less well defined viral infections”.

When the dog owners who took part in the CHC survey reported that their dogs developed short attention spans, 73.1% of the dogs did so within three months of a vaccine event. The same percentage

of dogs was diagnosed with epilepsy within three months of a shot (but usually within days). We also found that 72.5% of dogs that were considered by their owners to be nervous and of a worrying disposition, first exhibited these traits within the three-month post-vaccination period.

I would like to add for the sake of Oliver, my friend who suffered from paralysed rear legs and death shortly after a vaccine shot, that “paresis” is listed in Merck’s Manual as a symptom of encephalitis. This is defined as muscular weakness of a neural (brain) origin which involves partial or incomplete paralysis, resulting

from lesions at any level of the descending pathway from the brain. Hind limb paralysis is one of the potential

consequences. Encephalitis, incidentally, is a disease that can manifest across the scale from mild to severe and can also cause sudden death.

Organ failure must also be suspected when it occurs shortly after a vaccine event. Dr Larry Glickman,

who spearheaded the Purdue research into post-vaccination biochemical changes in dogs, wrote in a letter to Cavalier Spaniel breeder Bet Hargreaves:

“Our ongoing studies of dogs show that following routine vaccination, there is a significant rise in the level of antibodies dogs produce against their own tissues. Some of these antibodies have been shown to target the thyroid gland, connective tissue such as that found in the valves of the heart, red blood cells, DNA, etc. I do believe that the heart conditions in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels could be the end result of repeated immunisations by vaccines containing tissue culture contaminants that cause a progressive immune response directed at connective tissue in the heart valves. The clinical manifestations would be more pronounced in dogs that have a genetic predisposition

[although] the findings should be generally applicable to all dogs regardless of their breed.”

I must mention here that Dr Glickman believes that vaccines are a necessary evil, but that safer vaccines

need to be developed.

Meanwhile, please join the queue to place your dog, cat, horse and child on the Russian roulette wheel because a scientist says you should.

Vaccines Stimulate an Inflammatory Response

The word “allergy” is synonymous with “sensitivity” and “inflammation”. It should, by rights, also be synonymous

with the word “vaccination”. This is what vaccines do: they sensitise (render allergic)an individual in the process of forcing them to develop antibodies to fight a disease threat. In other words, as is acknowledged and accepted, as part of the vaccine process the body will respond with inflammation. This may be apparently temporary or it may be longstanding.

Holistic doctors and veterinarians have known this for at least 100 years.

They talk about a wide range of inflammatory or “-itis” diseases which arise shortly after a vaccine event. Vaccines, in fact, plunge many individuals into an allergic state. Again, this is a disorder that ranges from mild all the way through to the suddenly fatal. Anaphylactic shock is the culmination: it’s where an individual has a massive allergic reaction to a vaccine

and will die within minutes if adrenaline or its equivalent is not administered.

There are some individuals who are genetically not well placed to withstand the vaccine challenge. These are the people (and animals are “people”, too) who have inherited faulty B and T cell function. B and T cells are components within the immune system which identify foreign invaders and destroy them, and hold the invader in memory so that they cannot cause future harm. However, where inflammatory responses are concerned, the immune system overreacts and causes unwanted effects such as allergies

and other inflammatory conditions.

Merck warns in its Manual that patients with, or from families with, B and/or T cell immunodeficiencies

should not receive live-virus vaccines due to the risk of severe or fatal infection. Elsewhere, it lists features of B and T cell immunodeficiencies as food allergies, inhalant allergies, eczema, dermatitis,

neurological deterioration and heart disease. To translate, people with these conditions can die if they receive live-virus vaccines. Their immune systems are simply not competent enough to guarantee a healthy reaction to the viral assault from modified live-virus vaccines.

Modified live-virus (MLV) vaccines replicate in the patient until an immune response is provoked. If a defence isn’t stimulated, then the vaccine continues to replicate until it gives the patient the very disease it was intending to prevent.

Alternatively, a deranged immune response will lead to inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, pancreatitis, colitis, encephalitis and any number of autoimmune diseases such as cancer and leukaemia, where the body attacks its own cells.

A new theory, stumbled upon by Open University student Gary Smith, explains what holistic practitioners

have been saying for a very long time. Here is what a few of the holistic vets have said in relation to their patients:

Dr. Jean Dodds: “Many veterinarians trace the present problems with allergic and immunologic diseases to the introduction of MLV vaccines...” (9)

Christina Chambreau, DVM: “Routine vaccinations are probably the worst thing that we do for our animals. They cause all types of illnesses, but not directly to where we would relate them definitely to be caused by the vaccine.” (10)

Martin Goldstein, DVM: “I think that vaccines...are leading killers of dogs and cats in America today.”

Dr Charles E. Loops, DVM: “Homoeopathic veterinarians and other holistic practitioners have maintained for some time that vaccinations do more harm than they provide benefits.” (12)

Mike Kohn, DVM: “In response to this [vaccine] violation, there have been increased autoimmune diseases (allergies being one component), epilepsy, neoplasia [tumours], as well as behavioural problems in small animals.” (13)

A Theory on Inflammation

Gary Smith explains what observant healthcare practitioners have been saying for a very long time, but perhaps

they’ve not understood why their observations led them to say it. His theory, incidentally, is causing a huge stir within the inner scientific sanctum. Some believe that his theory could lead to a cure for many diseases including cancer. For me, it explains why the vaccine process is inherently questionable.

Gary was learning about inflammation as part of his studies when he struck upon a theory so extraordinary that it could have implications for the treatment of almost every inflammatory disease -- including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, rheumatoid arthritis and even HIV and AIDS.

Gary’s theory questions the received wisdom that when a person gets ill, the inflammation that occurs around the infected area helps it to heal. He claims that, in reality, inflammation prevents the body from recognizing a foreign substance and therefore serves as a hiding place for invaders. The inflammation occurs when at-risk cells produce receptors called All (known as angiotensin II type I receptors). He says that while At1 has a balancing receptor, At2, which is supposed to switch off the inflammation, in most diseases this does not happen.

“Cancer has been described as the wound that never heals,” he says. “All successful cancers are surrounded

by inflammation. Commonly this is thought to be the body’s reaction to try to fight the cancer, but this is not the case.

“The inflammation is not the body trying to fight the infection. It is actually the virus or bacteria deliberately causing inflammation in order to hide from the immune system [author’s emphasis].” (14)

If Gary is right, then the inflammatory process so commonly stimulated by vaccines is not, as hitherto

assumed, a necessarily acceptable sign. Instead, it could be a sign that the viral or bacterial component,

or the adjuvant (which, containing foreign protein, is seen as an invader by the immune system), in the vaccine is winning by stealth. If Gary is correct in believing that the inflammatory response is not protective but a sign that invasion is taking place under cover of darkness, vaccines are certainly not the friends we thought they were. They are undercover assassins working on behalf of the enemy, and vets and medical doctors are unwittingly

acting as collaborators. Worse, we animal guardians and parents are actually paying doctors and vets to unwittingly betray our loved ones.

Potentially, vaccines are the stealth bomb of the medical world. They are used to catapult invaders inside the castle walls where they can wreak havoc, with none of us any the wiser. So rather than experiencing frank viral diseases such as the ‘flu, measles, mumps and rubella (and, in the case of dogs, parvovirus and distemper), we are allowing the viruses to win anyway - but with cancer, leukaemia and other inflammatory or autoimmune (self-attacking) diseases

taking their place.

The Final Insult

All 27 veterinary schools in North America have changed their protocols for vaccinating dogs and cats along the following lines; (15) however, vets in practice are reluctant to listen to these changed protocols and official veterinary bodies in the UK and other countries are ignoring the following facts.

Dogs’ and cats’ immune systems mature fully at six months. If modified live-virus vaccine is given after six months of age, it produces immunity, which is good for the life of the pet. If another MLV vaccine is given a year later, the antibodies from the first vaccine neutralise the antigens of the second vaccine and there is little or no effect. The litre is not “boosted”, nor are more memory cells induced. Not only are annual boosters unnecessary, but they subject

the pet to potential risks such as allergic reactions and immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia.

In plain language, veterinary schools in America, plus the American Veterinary Medical Association, have looked at studies to show how long vaccines last and they have concluded and announced that annual vaccination is unnecessary. (16-19)

Further, they have acknowledged that vaccines are not without harm. Dr Ron Schultz, head of pathobiology

at Wisconsin University and a leading light in this field, has been saying this politely to his veterinary

colleagues since the 1980s. I’ve been saying it for the past 12 years. But change is so long in coming and, in the meantime, hundreds of thousands of animals are dying every year - unnecessarily.

The good news is that thousands of animal lovers (but not enough) have heard what we’ve been saying. Canine Health Concern members around the world use real food as Nature’s supreme disease preventative,

eschewing processed pet food, and minimize the vaccine risk. Some of us, myself included, have chosen not to vaccinate our pets at all. Our reward is healthy and long-lived dogs.

It has taken but one paragraph to tell you the good and simple news. The gratitude I feel each day, when I embrace my healthy dogs, stretches from the centre of the Earth to the Universe and beyond.

About the Author:

Catherine O’Driscoll runs Canine Health Concern which campaigns and also delivers an educational program, the Foundation in Canine Healthcare. She is author of Shock to the System (2005; see review this issue), the best-selling book What Vets Don’t Tell You About Vaccines (1997, 1998), and Who Killed the Darling Buds of May? (1997; reviewed in NEXUS 4/04). She lives in Scotland with her partner, Rob Ellis, and three Golden Retrievers, named Edward, Daniel and Gwinnie, and she lectures on canine health around the world.

For more information, contact Catherine O’Driscoll at Canine Health Concern, PO Box 7533, Perth PH2 1AD, Scotland, UK, email [email protected], website http://www.canine- health-concern.

Shock to the System is available in the UK from CHC, and worldwide from Dogwise at http://www.dogwise. com.


1, “Effects of Vaccination on the Endocrine and Immune Systems of Dogs, Phase II”, Purdue University, November 1,1999, at

http://www.homestea g/haywardstudyon vaccines. html.

2. See edu/epi/gdhstudy .htm.

3. See http://www.avma. org/vafstf/ default.asp.

4. Veterinary Products Committee (VPC) Working

Group on Feline and Canine Vaccination, DEFRA, May 2001.

5. JVM Series A 50(6):286-291, August 2003.

6. Duval, D. and Giger,U. (1996). “Vaccine-Associated

Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia in the Dog”, Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine


7. New England Journal of Medicine, vol.313,1985. See also Clin Exp Rheumatol 20(6):767-71, Nov-Dec 2002.

8. Am Coll Vet Intern Med 14:381,2000.

9. Dodds, Jean W.,DVM, “Immune System and Disease Resistance”, at http://www.critterc htm.

10. Wolf Clan magazine, April/May 1995.

11. Goldstein, Martin, The Nature of Animal Healing,

Borzoi/Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1999.

12. Wolf Clan magazine, op. cit.

13. ibid.

14. Journal of Inflammation 1:3,2004, at http://www.journal- inflammation. com content/1/1/ 3.

15. Klingborg, D.J., Hustead, D.R. and Curry-Galvin, E. et al., “AVMA Council on Biologic and Therapeutic

Agents’ report on cat and dog vaccines”, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 221(10):1401- 1407, November 15,2002, http://www.avma. org/policies/ vaccination. htm.

16. ibid.

17. Schultz, R.D., “Current and future canine and feline vaccination programs”, Vet Med 93:233-254,1998.

18. Schultz, R.D., Ford, R.B., Olsen, J. and Scott, P., “Titer testing and vaccination: a new look at traditional practices”, Vet Med 97:1-13, 2002 (insert).

19. Twark, L. and Dodds, W.J., “Clinical application

of serum parvovirus and distemper virus antibody liters for determining revaccination strategies in healthy dogs”, J Am Vet Med Assoc 217:1021-1024, 2000.

Princess Healthy Canine Consulting

Carolann Hamilton

Canine Health and Nutrition Consultant

www.healthycanine. ca



Testing a dog’s serum antibody titers can prevent overvaccinating


Lorie Long


Whole Dog Journal

Taking blood for an annual titer test, to check a dog’s level of immune defenses, should replace the habit of vaccinating dogs annually whether or not they need it.

Few issues in veterinary medicine are as controversial as the debate about administering annual vaccinations to our dogs. Long considered part of the standard of baseline, responsible veterinary healthcare, and credited with conquering some of the fiercest canine viral and other infectious diseases, vaccinations now are also suspected of creating vulnerability to illnesses and chronic conditions such as anemia, arthritis, seizures, allergies, gastrointestinal and thyroid disorders, and cancer. As we’ve previously discussed in numerous articles, few people advocate refraining from the use of vaccinations altogether, but increasing numbers of veterinary experts recommend administering fewer vaccines to our dogs than was suggested in recent years. The current wisdom is to vaccinate our animal companions enough, but not too much. Does this seem a little arbitrary? It could, especially since the veterinary profession lacks complete information about exactly how long the effects of canine vaccines last. (We bet you thought that most vaccines “last” about a year, which is why you are supposed to bring your dog to the vet for more shots every year, right? Well, you’re wrong, and we’ll explain why below.) Fortunately, there is a tool that veterinarians and dog owners can use to determine whether or not a dog really needs further vaccination at any given time. It’s called a “titer test,” and it’s readily available, not terribly expensive, and offers multiple advantages over the practices (intentional or not) of over-vaccination and under-vaccination. To understand what a titer test is and what it can do for you and your dog, you need a little background information about vaccinations and their use in this country.

History of “recommended vaccine schedules”

As lifesaving vaccines for various canine diseases have been developed over the last 50 years, veterinarians and dog owners gladly embraced them. Many diseases were prevented, and a new industry was born. Like any industry, it soon set about making itself indispensable. Increasingly, veterinarians were sold on the concept that if some vaccines are good, more are better – for their patients and their bottom line. So it came to pass that for decades, vets followed the label recommendations directing that canine vaccines be administered annually. In the late 1970s, a deadly parvovirus epidemic killed thousands of dogs and wiped out whole litters of puppies, eventually halted by the mass administration of the parvovirus vaccine. This episode emphasized the important role of vaccinations in canine healthcare and labeled veterinarians who challenged the annual administration of vaccines as mutinous. And there was, in fact, a small population of insurgent veterinarians who had doubts about the necessity of frequent vaccination. Many holistic practitioners – who often see patients with complex, mystifying symptoms of poor health, patients who have not been helped or even diagnosed by conventionally trained veterinarians – suspected a link between vaccines and immune disorders. In their minds, it was easy to surmise that there might be a connection between agents that are designed to provoke an immune response and their patients’ poor or inappropriate immune responses. But while drug companies are motivated to fund studies that can develop more vaccines they can sell for a profit, they are understandably disinclined to spend money on studies that may discover their products’ potential for harm, or how few vaccines our companion animals really need for disease protection. As a result, only anecdotal evidence provided by “vaccine rebels” – owners and veterinarians who either do not vaccinate or vaccinate on a reduced schedule – seemed to suggest that dogs and cats might be better off receiving fewer vaccines. But until recently there was little scientific evidence that supported this idea, perhaps none that was accepted in the conventional university veterinarian research community. Then, in the early 1990s, laboratory researchers at the University of Pennsylvania noticed a connection between the marked increase in the number of sarcomas, or cancerous tumors, under the skin at the site of rabies vaccine administration in cats. Later, researchers at the University of California at Davis noted that feline leukemia vaccines seemed to cause the same results. Taken aback by the inflammatory nature of the animals’ reaction to the vaccines, veterinary researchers began to suspect that immediate reactions to vaccinations, delayed reactions to vaccinations, or the combined effects of multiple vaccinations, could be risk factors for other ailments and chronic diseases in cats and dogs. As vaccines and their long-term effects became a (at least minor) topic of mainstream veterinary interest, one small but important fact came to light: there is no universally accepted “standard vaccination protocol” that has the approval of say, the American Veterinary Medical Association and/or the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine. The prevailing vaccination recommendations and schedules that most veterinarians and veterinary colleges recommend have been based on the research and suggestions of the manufacturers – not on independent scientific research. This point had long been recognized by the vaccine rebels, but disregarded by most conventional veterinarians.

Why more is not better

Jean Dodds, DVM, a highly respected veterinary hematologist, and founder and president of the nonprofit Hemopet, a California-based animal blood bank, pioneered the vaccine debate decades ago and is now considered one of the leading authorities on canine vaccine protocols. According to Dr. Dodds, many recent studies confirm that the vast majority of dogs, in most cases at least 95 percent of the subjects, retain immunity after vaccination for many years after the administration of a vaccine. She states that the “evidence implicating vaccines in triggering immune-mediated and other chronic disorders (vaccinosis) is compelling.” Adverse reactions to conventional vaccines can be the same as reactions to any chemicals, drugs, or infectious agents. Immediate (or anaphylactic) reactions can occur in the 24-48 hours following exposure to the vaccine. Delayed reactions can occur 10-45 days after receiving vaccines. Symptoms include fever, stiffness, sore joints, abdominal tenderness, nervous system disorders, susceptibility to infections, and hemorrhages or bruising. Transient seizures can appear in puppies and adults. More long-term harmful effects can result in permanent damage to the dog’s immune system, which increases the dog’s susceptibility to chronic, debilitating diseases affecting the blood, endocrine organs, joints, skin, central nervous system, liver, kidneys, and bowel. In addition, vaccines can overwhelm a chronically ill dog, or a dog that has a genetic predisposition to react adversely to viral exposure, even from the modified live viral agents or killed virus in vaccines. So, given the possible health risks of administering too many vaccines, especially when a dog likely retains the immunologic protection supplied by previous vaccinations, how can a responsible dog owner decide on a safe and effective vaccine schedule for the life of their dog? As we suggested earlier, the answer is titer tests.

Understanding titer tests

The term “titer” refers to the strength or concentration of a substance in a solution. When testing vaccine titers in dogs, a veterinarian takes a blood sample from a dog and has the blood tested for the presence and strength of the dog’s immunological response to a viral disease. If the dog demonstrates satisfactory levels of vaccine titers, the dog is considered sufficiently immune to the disease, or possessing good “immunologic memory,” and not in need of further vaccination against the disease at that time.

Using the new TiterCHEKTM test kit, your veterinarian can now draw blood from your dog when you first arrive for his annual health exam, and within 15 minutes, be able to tell you whether or not he needs any vaccines.

Titer tests do not distinguish between the immunity generated by vaccination and that generated by natural exposure to disease agents. A dog may have developed immunity to a viral disease by receiving a vaccine against the disease, by being exposed to the disease in the natural environment and conquering it, sometimes without having demonstrated any symptoms of exposure to the disease, or by a combination of the two. Therefore, titer tests really measure both the “priming of the pump” that comes from vaccines, and the immunity resulting from natural exposure to disease during a dog’s lifetime. Only an indoor dog that has been totally sequestered from the natural environment is likely to have developed all of its immunity from vaccinations. Although the magnitude of immunity protection received by vaccination only is usually lower than by vaccination plus exposure, it doesn’t matter how your dog developed its strong immunity to specific viral diseases, as long as the immunity is present. By “titering” annually, a dog owner can assess whether her dog’s immune response has fallen below adequate levels. In that event, an appropriate vaccine booster can be administered.

Which titers tests?

Some dog owners, aware that there are dozens of vaccines available, are concerned that they would need to order titer tests for each vaccine. Actually, measuring the titers for just two vaccines, according to Dr. Dodds, can offer the dog owner a reliable “picture” of the dog’s immunological status. Good immunity to canine parvovirus (CPV) and canine distemper virus (CDV), she says, indicates proper “markers for the competence of the dog’s immune system.” Although the laboratories will also perform vaccine titer tests for other canine diseases, such as coronavirus and Lyme, Dr. Dodds deems these tests a waste of money. Protection from coronavirus, Dr. Dodds explains, depends on the current state of health of the dog’s gastrointestinal tract, not on what’s in the dog’s blood, so serum tests are not conclusive. Lyme is regionally based and not a significant threat to the general canine population, so only dogs in a high-risk environment need titer testing for Lyme. Dr. Dodds emphasizes that titer testing is not a “guess” at immunological response in a dog; when dealing with CDV and CDP, there is absolute correlation between certain high titer values and what is frequently referred to as “protection” from the diseases in question. In this case, the animal’s owner and veterinarian can feel quite confident that the animal possesses sufficient resources for fighting off a disease challenge. When the tests reveal that the animal has borderline or low titer values, the owner and veterinarian should consider revaccinating and then testing the titers again. It may turn out that the animal simply needed a booster to stimulate a stronger immune response. Or, maybe the people involved learn that the animal lacks the ability to respond normally to vaccines, that is, by mounting a proper immune response. In this case, the owner and veterinarian have gained very valuable information about the dog’s compromised immune status – information they never would have gained by simply vaccinating and assuming the dog was “protected” as is usually the case with healthy dogs. As you can see, in reality, simply administering vaccines to dogs every year is more of a guessing game than using titer tests to learn about the dog’s immune competence. Studies worldwide support titer test results as comprehensive information about a dog’s immunological response capabilities.

www.whole-dog-journal.comNow more affordable

Because the more widely recognized benefits of titer testing have caused an increase in the number of titer tests performed at veterinary laboratories, the price is coming down and the tests are available from a wide range of providers. Veterinary laboratories offer traditional vaccine titer testing by looking at a blood sample from a dog and identifying a specific level of actual immunity in the dog. Reputable laboratories use commonly accepted immunological techniques that have been validated against original test techniques and found to be accurate. Be certain your veterinarian sends blood samples to a major professional veterinary laboratory such as Antech Diagnostics (, Idexx Laboratories (, Vita-Tech Laboratories (, or one of the major university veterinary laboratories, including Cornell, Colorado State, Michigan State, Tufts, and Texas A&M. In early spring 2002, Synbiotics Corporation, a San Diego-based manufacturer of diagnostic materials and instrumentation for the veterinary market, rolled out an innovative tool that should make titer testing even more readily available and affordable. TiterCHEKTM is the first in-office titer test licensed by the USDA for use in veterinary clinics. TiterCHEKTM tests titers for canine parvovirus and canine distemper virus, registering the degree of strength of the immune response in varying color shades. If the test results denote a weak immune response level, blood samples can be sent to a veterinary laboratory for more comprehensive testing. Dr. Dodds estimates that more than 95 percent of in-office tests will indicate a satisfactory immune response present in a dog that has received its puppy vaccinations and one-year boosters, so follow-up is rarely required. Expect to pay your veterinarian from $40 to $100 for CDV and CPV titer testing from a laboratory, and slightly less for an in-office test, for which your veterinarian must purchase the TiterCHEKTM test kit.

Resisting vaccine titer testing

As practicing clinicians, veterinarians are hesitant to adjust any clinical regimen they have adopted until they see research study data that they judge to be functional and applicable in the real world. Many veterinarians resisted rethinking the annual canine vaccine regimen based upon the early findings of researchers. However, the increased evidence linking over-vaccination to acute and chronic diseases in dogs has finally caused a mainstream conviction that vaccination protocols are not a one-size-fits-all healthcare decision. Indeed, Dr. Dodds, once considered a rebel by the veterinary profession, now speaks to standing-room-only audiences at the most prestigious professional conferences in the country. The perceived need for annual vaccinations used to motivate many dog owners to make appointments with their veterinarians for their dog’s annual wellness checkup. Veterinarians now hope that annual titer tests will perform a similar function. Having your dog examined by a veterinarian at least once a year is critically important for detecting, preventing, and treating any diseases or other ailments as early as possible. Adding the ability to check your dog’s immunological health and custom-tailor his vaccine schedule to his actual needs will impressively augment this important task. It has been estimated that only about 60 percent of pet dogs receive the minimum disease prevention vaccination protocol. Ironically, in an attempt to provide their beloved animal companions with the best possible care, many highly motivated owners arrange for their dogs to receive several times the necessary dose of vaccinations, to the point of risking the adverse effects of over-vaccination on the health of the dog’s immune system. Consumers who do care about managing the effectiveness of their dog’s immune system against the most dangerous canine viral diseases now have the means to do so without risking their dog’s health in the process. When you and your dog visit your veterinarian for an annual checkup, take the titer test.


Lorie Long is a frequent contributor to WDJ. She lives in North Carolina with two Border Terriers, Dash (a three-year-old female and agility queen) and Chase (a five-month-old male with an agility future).

Copyright 2002 Whole Dog Journal. Reprinted with permission, Belvoir Publications, Inc. For subscription and other information, call (800) 424-7887.

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hole Dog News - 2 new articles

Please note the date this was first written and posted. OVER 5 Years Ago! So why are

veterinarians still not disclosing the dangers involved in vaccinating our pets let

alone OVER vaccinating them?

February 27, 2005

TO: The Agriculture, Conservation and Forest Committee

RE: LD 429, An Act to Require Veterinarians to Provide Vaccine

Disclosure Forms

My name is Kris Christine and I live with my family in Maine. Before

I begin my

testimony, I’d like to advise the committee that one of the world’s leading

veterinary research scientists, Dr. W. Jean Dodds, wanted to be here

today to testify in support of LD429, but could not do so because

of prior

commitments. With her permission, in the attachments to my


I have included her letter to Representative Peter Rines

dated February

17, 2005 (Attachment 5) resolutely endorsing this first-in-the-nation

veterinary vaccine disclosure legislation.

I am here today to respectfully urge this committee to recommend

passage of LD429 – An Act to Require Veterinarians to Provide

Vaccine Disclosure Forms because pet owners need the

scientifically proven durations of immunity (how long vaccines

are effective for) in order to make informed medical choices

for their animals.

Many Maine veterinarians have failed to inform clients that

most core veterinary vaccines protect for seven or more

years, and pet owners, unaware that their animals don’t

need booster vaccinations more often, have unwittingly

given their companions useless booster shots – taking an

unnecessary toll on their finances and animals’ health.

The human equivalent would be physicians vaccinating

patients against tetanus once every year, two years, or

three years and not disclosing that the vaccines are known

to be protective for 10 years.

For years veterinarians have sent pet owners annual, biennial

and triennial reminders for redundant booster shots and justified

it with vaccine manufacturers’ labeled recommendations.

According to the American Veterinary Medical Association’s (AVMA)

Principles of Vaccination (Attachment 6), “..revaccination

frequency recommendations found on many vaccine labels is

based on historical precedent, not on scientific data … [and]

does not resolve the question about average or maximum

duration of immunity [Page 2] and..may fail to adequately

inform practitioners about optimal use of the product…[Page 4] .”

As the Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching

Hospital states it: “…booster vaccine recommendations for

vaccines other than rabies virus have been determined

arbitrarily by manufacturers.”

Dr. Ronald Schultz, Chairman of Pathobiological Sciences

at the University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine,

is at the forefront of vaccine research and is one of the

world’s leading authorities on veterinary vaccines. His

challenge study results form the scientific base of the

American Animal Hospital Association’s (AAHA) 2003

Canine Vaccine Guidelines, Recommendations, and Supporting

Literature (Attachment 7). These studies are based on

science – they are not arbitrary. The public, however,

cannot access this data. The American Animal Hospital

Association only makes this report available to veterinarians,

not private citizens, and Maine’s pet owners are unaware

that the AAHA Guidelines state on Page 18 that: “We now

know that booster injections are of no value in dogs already

immune, and immunity from distemper infection and vaccination

lasts for a minimum of 7 years based on challenge studies

and up to 15 years (a lifetime) based on antibody titer.” They

further state that hepatitis and parvovirus vaccines have been

proven to protect for a minimum of 7 years by challenge and

up to 9 and 10 years based on antibody count. So, unless

the Legislature passes LD429 requiring veterinarians to provide

vaccine disclosure forms, dog owners who receive an annual,

biennial, or triennial reminders for booster shots will not know

that nationally-accepted scientific studies have demonstrated

that animals are protected a minimum of 7 years after vaccination

with the distemper, parvovirus, and adenovirus-2 vaccines

(see Page 12 AAHA 2003 Guidelines attached, and Table 1,

Pages 3 and 4).

“My own pets are vaccinated once or twice as pups and

kittens, then never again except for rabies,” Wall Street Journal

reporter Rhonda L. Rundle quoted Dr. Ronald Schultz in a

July 31, 2002 article entitled Annual Pet Vaccinations may

be Unnecessary, Fatal (Attachment 2). Dr. Schultz knows

something the pet-owning public doesn’t – he knows there’s

no benefit in overvaccinating animals because immunity is not

enhanced, but the risk of harmful adverse reactions is increased.

He also knows that most core veterinary vaccines are protective

for at least seven years, if not for the lifetime of the animal.

The first entry under Appendix 2 of the AAHA Guidelines

(Attachment 7) “Important Vaccination ‘Do’s and Don’ts” is “

Do Not Vaccinate Needlessly – Don’t revaccinate more often

than is needed and only with the vaccines that prevent diseases

for which that animal is at risk.” They also caution veterinarians:

“Do Not Assume that Vaccines Cannot Harm a Patient –

Vaccines are potent medically active agents and have the

very real potential of producing adverse events.” Very few

pet owners have had this disclosed to them.

The AVMA’s Principles of Vaccination (Attachment 6) states

that “Unnecessary stimulation of the immune system does

not result in enhanced disease resistance, and may increase

the risk of adverse post-vaccination events.” (page 2) They

elaborate by reporting that: “Possible adverse events include

failure to immunize, anaphylaxis, immunosuppression,

autoimmune disorders, transient infections, and/or long-term

infected carrier states. In addition, a causal association

in cats between injection sites and the subsequent development

of a malignant tumor is the subject of ongoing research.”(Page 2)

Referring to adverse reactions from vaccines, the Wall Street

Journal article cited above (Attachment 2) reports: “In cats

there has been a large increase in hyperthyroidism and

cancerous tumors between the shoulder blades where

vaccines typically are injected.” With modified live virus v

accines (distemper, parvovirus, hepatitis), some animals

can actually contract the same disease which they are

being inoculated against. If the public knew an animal’s

immunity to disease is not increased by overvaccination,

they would certainly not consent to expose their pets to

potential harm by giving them excessive booster shots.

Veterinary vaccines are potent biologic drugs – most having

proven durations of immunity much longer than the annual,

biennial or triennial booster frequencies recommended by

vaccine manufacturers and veterinarians. They also carry the

very real risk of serious adverse side affects and should not

be administered more often than necessary to maintain immunity.

The extended durations of immunity for vaccines is not

“new” or “recent” science as some members of the Maine

Veterinary Medical Association (MVMA) have claimed. AAHA

reveals on Page 2 of their Guidelines that ideal reduced

vaccination protocols were recommended by vaccinology

experts beginning in 1978. A Veterinary Practice News article

entitled “Managing Vaccine Changes” (Attachment 3) by

veterinarian Dennis M. McCurnin, reports that: “Change has

been discussed for the past 15 years and now has started

to move across the country.”

According to a September 1, 2004 article in the DVM veterinary

news magazine (Attachment 1), the 312 member Maine

Veterinary Medical Association (MVMA) “champions full disclosure

of vaccine information to pet owners.” MVMA president,

Dr. Bill Bryant, is quoted as stating: “Its time for something

like this to come out … disclosure forms will be an important

resource to have available, [and] if it goes before the Legislature,

we’d likely support it.”

It is time. Pet owners have the right to know the scientifically

proven durations of immunity for the veterinary vaccines

given their animals, as well as the potential adverse side

effects. LD 429 would make that standardized information

available to all pet owners.

Respectfully submitted,

Kris L. Christine


Here is yet another great link from a DR, Very important info here. Time to rethink.


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